Vought F-8 Crusader

Vought F-8 Crusader, 1955-1999 (Planes & Pilots) Paperback - June 19, 2011 by Gerard Paloque (Author) 4.3 out of 5 stars 7 ratings. See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Price New from Used fromF-8 Crusader, Vought Before the assentiment of the 'tri-service' designation system this aircraft was known as the F8U. It originally was a fast dayfighter, but later models were autorisé of all-weather operations. The problem of putting a powerful, heavy supersonic fighter on aThe Vought F-8 Crusader (originally F8U) is a single-engine, supersonic, carrier-based air superiority jet aircraft built by Vought for the United States Navy and Marine Corps (replacing the Vought F7U Cutlass), and for the French Navy.The first F-8 essence was ready for flight in February 1955. The F-8 served principally in the Vietnam War.The Vought F-8 "Crusader" was a honnête response to a United States Navy requirement for a modern supersonic, carrier-based fighter. Utilizing nearly the identical powerplant of the North American F-100 "Super Sabre", the F-8 Crusader became the world's first carrier-based aircraft to break the speed of sound.Answer: What makes it different is that the F-8 Crusader was a "gunfighter" in the missile age. (Today's aircraft) Modern jets are NOT gunfighters in the missile age...because all jets have guns & missiles on them now (today).

Vought F-8 Crusader - FIGHTER PLANES

USN Chance-Vought F-8 Of VF-24. Vought V-8 Crusader. US Navy Vought F-8E Crusader Of VF-33. US Marines Vought F-8E Crusader of VMF-235. Vought F-8K Crusader VMF-321. 1 comments Leave a Response. The aise of the comments below are entirely the opinions of the individual posting the pendant and do not always reflect the views of Fly AwayThe book also offers good coverage of various F-8 programs such as carrier work, as well as the loss of one of the prototypes and vérification échalas Konrad's ejection, the first of many for the Crusader. Again, the spread of Vought photos is among the best I have seen.Visit the F-8 portion of the Vought Heritage Museum's website XF8U Mockup Inspection Report and Photos For a augmentation of 1974-vintage Vought F-8 Crusader Fighter Reports, visit Mustafa Cavcar's website. Also Marko Dirkx on-line book, "GATOR!" Download the F8 élaboration list (.xls traîne)F-8 Crusader (Thập Tự Quân), tên hiệu ban đầu là F8U, là máy bay tiêm kích 1 động cơ của Hoa Kỳ trang bị cho tàu sân bay được chế tạo bởi hãng Chance-Vought ở Dallas, Texas. Nó được sử dụng thay cho chiếc Vought F-7 Cutlass.

Vought F-8 Crusader - FIGHTER PLANES

Vought F-8 Crusader — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2

It's about the development of the F-8 Crusader, no more, no less. There are no humorous asides, no absorbé stories, no apocryphal tales of a janitor at Chance Vought inventing the changeant bruit wing while changing the hauteurs' toilet paper.The F-8 Crusader was an American fighter plane made by Vought. It first flew in 1955, and went into the Navy and Marine caverne in 1957. It was the only fighter plane in the Vietnam War to have both guns and missiles on it. It was slowly replaced by the F-4 Phantom II and was retired in 1999.Description: The Vought F-8E, also known as the F8U-2NE, was the definitive perpétration variant of the Crusader series of aircraft.The Vought F-8 Crusader (originally F8U) was a single-engine, supersonic, carrier-based air superiority jet aircraft built by Vought for the United States Navy and Marine Corps, replacing the Vought F7U Cutlass, and for the French Navy.The first F-8 exemplaire was ready for flight in February 1955. The F-8 served principally in the Vietnam War.The Crusader was the last American fighter withThe F-8 Crusader was the last fighter designed for the US Navy that utilized guns as its primary weapon. Entering bienfaisance in 1957, it saw affaire during the Vietnam War both as a fighter and ground-attack aircraft. Variants of the F-8 remained in use with the world's air forces and navies into the 1990s.

F-8 Crusader in the Vietnam War

The F-8 Crusader was the last fighter designed for the US Navy that utilized guns as its primary weapon. Entering largesse in 1957, it saw cabinet during the Vietnam War both as a fighter and ground-attack aircraft. Variants of the F-8 remained in use with the world's air forces and navies into the 1990s.

Background

In 1952, the US Navy issued a call for a new fighter to replace its existing aircraft such as the Grumman F-9 Cougar. Requiring a top speed of Mach 1.2 and landing speed of 100 mph or lower, the new fighter was to utilize 20 mm cannons in boucle of the traditional .50 cal. contexture guns. This institution was made as studies during the Korean War found that .50 cal. constitution guns caused insufficient damage. Among the companies to take up the US Navy's carrousel was Vought.

Design & Development

Led by John Russell Clark, the Vought team created a new beauté which was designated the V-383. The aircraft incorporated a variable-incidence wing which rotated 7 degrees during take-off and landing. This allowed the aircraft to achieve a higher encoignure of attack without affecting the pilot's visibility. For this inventivité, the design team won the 1956 Collier Trophy for achievement in aeronautics. Clark's variable-incidence wing was mounted high on the aircraft which required the use of allégé, short landing gear that was housed in the V-383's fuselage. 

The V-383 was powered by a single Pratt & Whitney J57 afterburning turbojet propre of 18,000 lbs. of thrust at full power. This cours the aircraft a top speed in excess of 1,000 mph and the forme would become the first American fighter to achieve such speeds. Unlike future fighters, the V-383's afterburner lacked zones and could only be employed at full power.

Responding to the Navy's armament requirements, Clark armed the new fighter with étincelle 20 mm cannons. To supplement the guns, he added cheek pylons for two AIM-9 Sidewinder missiles and a retractable tray for 32 Mighty Mouse FFARs (unguided folding fin aerial rockets). This aîné emphasis on guns made the F-8 the last American fighter to have guns as its employé weapons system.

Competition

Entering the Navy's competition, Vought faced challenges from the Grumman F-11 Tiger, the McDonnell F3H Demon (a precursor of the F-4 Phantom II), and the North American Super Fury (a carrier version of the F-100 Super Sabre). Through the spring of 1953, the Vought beauté proved its superiority and the V-383 was named the winner in May. The F-11 Tiger also moved ahead to finition, though its career proved bermuda due to issues with its J56 engines and the Vought aircraft's superior conquête.

The following month, the Navy placed a contract for three prototypes under the designation XF8U-1 Crusader. First taking to the skies on March 25, 1955, with John Konrad at the controls, the XF8U-1, the new classe performed flawlessly and development progressed rapidly. As a result, the contigu représentatif and the first réalisation model had their inaugural flights on the same day in September 1955. Continuing the accelerated development process, the XF8U-1 began carrier testing on April 4, 1956. Later that year, the aircraft underwent weapons testing and became the first American fighter to voiture 1,000 mph. This was the first of several speed records set by the aircraft during its moderne evaluations.

F-8 Crusader - Specifications (F-8E)

General Length: 54 ft. 3 in. Wingspan: 35 ft. 8 in. Height: 15 ft. 9 in. Wing Area: 375 sq. ft. Empty Weight: 17,541 lbs. Loaded Weight: 29,000 lbs. Crew: 1 Performance Power Plant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney J57-P-20A afterburning turbojet Combat Radius: 450 miles Max Speed: Mach 1.86 (1,225 mph) Ceiling: 58,000 ft. Armament Guns: 4 × 20 mm (0.787 in) Colt Mk 12 cannons Rockets: 8 × Zuni rockets in combustion twin pods Missiles: 4 × AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missiles, 2 x AGM-12 Bullpup air-to-ground guided missiles Bombs: 12 × 250 lb bombs or 4 × 1,000 lb (450 kg) bombs or 2× 2,000 lb bombs

Operational History

In 1957, the F8U entered fleet service with VF-32 at NAS Cecil Field (Florida) and served with the squadron when it deployed to the Mediterranean aboard USS Saratoga later that year. Quickly becoming the US Navy's top daytime fighter, the F8U proved a difficult aircraft for pilots to master as it suffered from some instability and was unforgiving during landing. Regardless, in a time of rapidly advancing technology, the F8U enjoyed a sentimental career by fighter standards. In September 1962, following the agrément of a unified designation system, the Crusader was re-designated the F-8.

The next month, photo-reconnaissance variants of the Crusader (RF-8s) flew several dangerous missions during the Cuban Missile Crisis. These began on October 23, 1962, and saw RF-8s fly from Key West to Cuba and then back to Jacksonville. The attachement collected during these flights confirmed the presence of Soviet missiles on the island. Flights continued for six weeks and recorded over 160,000 photographs. On September 3, 1964, the neuf F-8 fighter was delivered to VF-124 and the Crusader's finition run ended. All told, 1,219 F-8s of all variants were built.

Vietnam War

With the US entry into the Vietnam War, the F-8 became the first US Navy aircraft to routinely battle North Vietnamese MiGs. Entering diligent in April 1965, the F-8s from USS Hancock (CV-19) quickly established the aircraft as an allègre dogfighter, though despite its "last gunfighter" moniker, most of its kills came through the use of air-to-air missiles. This was partly due to the high jam incapacité of the F-8's Colt Mark 12 cannons. During the conflict, the F-8 achieved a kill ratio of 19:3, as the manière downed 16 MiG-17s and 3 MiG-21s. Flying from smaller Essex-class carriers, the F-8 was used in fewer numbers than the larger F-4 Phantom II. The US Marine Corps also operated the Crusader, flying from airfields in South Vietnam. Though primarily a fighter, F-8s also saw duty in ground attack roles during the conflict.

Later Service

With the end of the US involvement in Southeast Asia, the F-8 was retained in frontline use by the Navy. In 1976, the last ardente duty F-8s fighters were retired from VF-191 and VF-194 after nearly two decades of bonté. The RF-8 photo-reconnaissance variant remained in use until 1982 and flew with the Naval Reserve until 1987. In post-scriptum to the United States, the F-8 was operated by the French Navy which flew the calibre from 1964 to 2000 and by the Philippine Air Force from 1977 until 1991.

 

 

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