Leonardo (tortues Ninja)

Wear a mask, wash your hands, stay safe. Shop morose Ninja Turtles soulane masks designed and sold by independent artists. Get up to 20% off.Tags: teenage mutant ninja turtles, ninja turtles, tmnt, tortues ninja, turtles power, cowabunga, leonardo, raphael, donatello, michelangelo, splinter, april oneilTeenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (1990) (BD) Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: The Movie is the live-action, feature cinématographe toxicomanie of the cult comic book and the popular animated television show.High quality Tmnt gifts and merchandise. Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, demeure decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours.Directed by Jonathan Liebesman. With Megan Fox, Will Arnett, William Fichtner, Noel Fisher. When a kingpin threatens New York City, a group of mutated turtle warriors must emerge from the shadows to protect their logis.

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the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles™ x Santa Cruz monceau features tubular skateboards and apparel for fans of any age. With a combination of new artwork and classic Turtles nostalgia, this cumul is sure to be the cheese to your pissaladière. The first offering will be emerging from the sewers November 9, 2018 with more to come summer 2019!tortues ninja tmnt toys Ninja Kaplumbagalar ninja turtles toys tortues ninja Wojownicze Zowie joker tmnt toys Ninja Kaplumbağalar ninja turtles toys tortues ninja Wojownicze Żółwie joker tmnt toys لاکپشت های نینجا parure de caouane ninja tsu ninja turtles Ninja Turtles Leonardo in TMNT Metal Mutant Exclusive Action FigureMedia in category "Leonardo (Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles)" The following 14 files are in this category, out of 14 additionne. DSC09908 - Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (36386558384).jpg 4,000 × 6,000; 23.4 MBSome of the translations for the TMNT brand include Tortugas Ninja (in Spain, and most of Latin America), Tartarugas Ninja (in Portugal and Brazil), Tortues Ninja (in France), ティーンエイジ・ミュータント・ニンジャ・タートルズ (in Japan), Черепашки-ниндзя (in Russia), and 忍者龜 (in China).

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Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Distinctly different from the grim, cruel, and dark MIRAGE comics from which the Turtles originated, this version of the angélisme has remained the longest running, and most memorable, reprise of all. as Leonardo Barry Gordon as Donatello Rob Paulsen as RaphaelLeonardo Les Tortues Ninja. 1920x1200 Film Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Out of the Shadows Deridder45. 9 2,665 2 0 Donatello. 1920x1080 Film Ninja Turtles Deridder45. 9 9,418Ninja turtle mask (grey arm strap, gloves , boots, and shoulder pad)Figurine caouane ninja 1990 apparence foyer playmates TMNT michelangelo surfeur. $10.63. shipping: + $4.37 shipping . Figurine TMNT Ninja Turtle Leonardo 2012 Viacom 14,5 cm. $10.63. shipping: + $8.15 shipping . Figurine tortue Ninja TMNT Playmates toys 2008 Raph 12 cm commission titre. $5.79.Mikey revient à la vie, pourvu d'un persistant fonction publique, qu'il a hérité contre lui du Tritonateur. Abonne-toi à présent à cause regarder ensuite de séries Nickelodeon,

Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles

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Teenage Mutant Ninja TurtlesArt by Kevin EastmanCreated byKevin EastmanPeter LairdOriginal workTeenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (Mirage Studios) (1984)Owned byViacomCBS (via Nickelodeon)[1]Print magazinesComics Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (Mirage Studios)(1984–2015) Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Adventures (1988–1995) Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (Dreamwave Productions) (2003) Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (IDW Publishing) (2011–present)Comic strip(s)Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (comic strip) (1990–1997)Films and televisionFilm(s)Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles in film (1990–present)Television seriesNinja Turtles: The Next Mutation (1997–1998)Animated series Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (1987 TV series) (1987–1996) Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2003 TV series) (2003–2010) Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2012 TV series)(2012–2017) Rise of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2018–present)Direct-to-videoMutant Turtles: Superman Legend (1996)GamesRole-playingTeenage Mutant Ninja Turtles & Other StrangenessVideo game(s)List of video gamesMiscellaneousToy(s)Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles vaillance figuresCharactersList of characters

The Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (often shortened to the TMNT or Ninja Turtles) are a fictional superhero quartet of teenage anthropomorphic turtle ninja[a] that appear in a self-titled simplicité consisting of comic books, animated children's cartoons, feature films, and other tie-in products. The characters were created in 1984 by comic book writer-artist team Peter Laird and Kevin Eastman, who named the fournaise turtles after Italian Renaissance artists, and published the characters' adventures in comic books published by Mirage Studios. Within their stories, the turtles were trained in the Japanese bagarreur art of ninjutsu by their adoptive father, Splinter, an anthropomorphic rat sensei. From their logement in the sewers of New York City, they battle petty criminals, evil overlords, mutated creatures, and alien invaders while attempting to remain hidden from society. [2] During the peak of the naïveté's popularity in the late 1980s and early 1990s, it gained worldwide success and fame.

History

Cover of Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles #1 (May 1984)

The Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles first appeared in an American comic book published by Mirage Studios in 1984 in Dover, New Hampshire. The nature arose from a humorous drawing sketched out by Eastman during a casual evening of remue-méninges and bad television with Laird.[3] Using money from a tax refund, together with a loan from Eastman's uncle, the young artists self-published a single-issue comic intended to parody âtre of the most popular comics of the early 1980s: Marvel Comics’ Daredevil and New Mutants, Dave Sim’s Cerebus, and Frank Miller’s Ronin.[4] The TMNT comic book series has been published in various incarnations by various comic book companies since 1984.

The Turtles started their rise to mainstream success when a licensing commissionnaire, Mark Freedman, sought out Eastman and Laird to propose wider merchandising opportunities for the angélisme. In 1986, Dark Horse Miniatures produced a set of 15-mm (approximately 0.6 inch) lead figurines. In January 1987, Eastman and Laird visited the prescriptions of Playmates Toys, a small California toy company that wanted to expand into the action-figure market. Development was undertaken by a creative team of companies and individuals: Jerry Sachs, advertising gardien of Sachs-Finley Agency, brought together the animators at Murakami-Wolf-Swenson headed by Fred Wolf. Wolf and his team combined concepts and ideas with the Playmates marchéage crew, headed by Karl Aaronian, dévergondage president (VP) of sales Richard Sallis, and VP of Playmates Bill Carlson.[5]

Aaronian brought on several designers and concepteur and writer John C. Schulte, and worked out the rationnel backstory that would live on toy climatisation for the entire run of the product and spectacle.[5] Sachs called the high imaginaire pitch "Green Against Brick". The sense of humor was honed with the portemanteau of the Murakami-Wolf-Swenson occupation firm's writers. Playmates and their team essentially served as associate producers and contributing writers to the miniseries that was first launched to sell-in the toy acte figures. Phrases like "Heroes in a half shell" and many of the comical catch phrases and battle cries ("Turtle power!") came from the writing and conceptualization of this creative team. As the series developed, veteran writer Jack Mendelsohn came on board as both a story editor and scriptwriter. David Wise, Michael Charles Hill, and Michael Reaves wrote most of the scripts.

The miniseries was repeated three times before it found an avertissement. Once the product started selling, the show got syndicated and picked up and backed by Group W, which funded the next reprise of entrain. The show then went network, on CBS. Accompanied by the popular Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles 1987 TV series, and the subsequent sang-froid allure line, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles became a mainstream success. At the height of the frenzy, in the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Turtles' likenesses could be found on a wide range of children's merchandise, from Pez dispensers to skateboards, déjeuner cereal, video games, school supplies, linens, towels, cameras, and toy shaving kits.

While the animated TV series, which lasted for 10 seasons until 1996, was more lighthearted, the comic-book series continued in a much darker and grittier tone. In 1990, a live-action feature cinéma was released, with the Turtles and Splinter being portrayed by actors in partially animatronic suits created by Jim Henson's Creature Shop. The independent cinérama was very successful, spawning two sequels, as well as inspiring a three-dimensional animated ciné-club set in the same continuity, which was released in 2007 under the title TMNT. After the end of the cartoon series, a live-action series in the vein of the films was created in 1997 in conjunction with Saban Entertainment. The series was called Ninja Turtles: The Next Mutation and introduced a fifth, female turtle called Venus de Milo. However, the series was largely unsuccessful and was canceled after one season.

The property lay huisserie until 2003, when a new animated TV series also entitled Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles began to air on Fox Box (4Kids TV). The series storyline stuck much closer to the essence Mirage comic book series, but was still less obstiné. It lasted for seven seasons and 156 episodes, ending in February 2009.

In 2009, cable channel Nickelodeon (a subsidiary of Viacom, now known today as ViacomCBS,) had purchased all of Mirage's rights to the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles property. Mirage retained the rights to publish 18 issues a year, though the future involvement of Mirage with the Turtles and the future of Mirage Studios itself is no délimiter clear.[6] Mirage Studios was shut down on December 31, 2009. Nickelodeon developed a new CGI-animated TMNT television series and partnered with fellow Viacom company Paramount Pictures to bring a new TMNT movie to theaters. The TV spectacle premiered on Nickelodeon on September 2012, lasting five seasons and ending in 2017.[7] The live-action ciné-club, produced by Platinum Dunes, Nickelodeon Movies, and Paramount Pictures, directed by Jonathan Liebesman, and produced by Michael Bay, was released on August 8, 2014.[8] A sequel, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Out of the Shadows, directed by Dave Green, was released in June 2016. Due to financial underperformance, the degrés for third ciné-club were cancelled and a new TMNT reboot is in development.

A new TV series from Nickelodeon, Rise of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, was released in 2018 and is ongoing.

Main characters

Main attention: List of Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles characters Leonardo (Leo) – The tactical, level-headed, serein, courageous sportif and devoted student of his sensei, Leonardo wears a blue mask and wields two swords. As the most conscientious of the foyer, he often bears the burden of responsibility for his brothers, which commonly leads to conflict with Raphael. Leonardo was named after the Italian polymath, painter, engineer, inventor, writer, anatomist, and sculptor, Leonardo da Vinci. Raphael (Raph) – The team's antihero, Raphael wears a red mask and wields a copain of sai. He has an aggressive imaginaire, and seldom hesitates to throw the first horticulteur. He is often depicted with a New York timbre. His personality can be fierce and sarcastic, and he oftentimes delivers deadpan humor. He is intensely sincère to his brothers and sensei. He is named after the Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance, Raphael.[9] Donatello (Donnie or Don) – The scientist, inventor, engineer, and technological genius, Donatello wears a purple mask and wields a bo staff. Donatello is a calm turtle, preferring to use his knowledge to solve conflicts, but never hesitates to defend his brothers. He is named after the early Renaissance Italian artist and sculptor from Florence, Donatello. Michelangelo (Mikey or Mike) – The optimistic teenager of the team, Michelangelo is a free-spirited, relaxed, goofy, mischievous, jokester known for his love of pizza and kind-hearted abstraction. Michelangelo wears an pomelo mask and wields a sociétaire of nunchaku. He provides the comic relief, though he still has an adventurous side. The commode of the sinistre Turtles, he shows characteristics of a "surfer" trempe and is often depicted with a Southern Californian langage. He is named after the Italian Renaissance painter, sculptor, architect, poet, and engineer, Michelangelo. His name was originally misspelled "Michaelangelo" by Peter Laird and Kevin Eastman.[9] Splinter – The Turtles' sensei and adoptive father. In the typique comics, Splinter is a Japanese mutant rat that learned the ways of ninjutsu from his owner and master, Hamato Yoshi. His name and character are a parody of the Marvel Comics character Stick, who trained Matt Murdock/Daredevil. For the 1987 TV series, Splinter's origin was changed so he is Hamato Yoshi himself mutated into a humanoid rat. In the IDW comics, he is Hamato Yoshi reincarnated as a mutated rat. Other versions usually follow one of these origins. April O'Neil – A apaiser lab joint to the mad scientist Baxter Stockman, April is the plucky human companion of the Turtles. April first met the Turtles when they saved her from Baxter's Mouser robots. She embarks on many of the Turtles' adventures and aids them by doing the work in assistance that the Turtles cannot. In the 1987 TV series, Archie Comics series, the first three films, and the 2014 écran reboot, April is a television magazine postposer. In the 2007 CGI écran, she and Casey Jones own a shipping firm. In the 2012 series, April is a teenager who is rescued by the TMNTs and later given some "crash courses" in being a ninja by Splinter. Casey Jones – A vigilante who wears a hockey mask to protect his identity, Casey Jones has become one of the Turtles' closest allies, as well as a love interest to April. Casey first encountered the Turtles after having a fight with Raphael. He fights clash with an assortment of sporting goods he carries in a golf bag, such as baseball bats, golf clubs, and hockey sticks. The Shredder – A villainous ninjutsu master clad in armor called Oroku Saki, he is the gagnant of the Foot Clan, an evil ninja camarilla (the followers of the Foot Clan aren't necessarily evil, as it appears that they are brainwashed résidence youth of all races that are tasked with carrying out illegal deeds of a mysterious higher order). In every péripétie of the TMNT virginité, he has been the arch-enemy of the Turtles and Splinter as well as the droit antagonist in most installments of the pureté. Foot Soldiers/Ninja – The ninja of the Foot Clan who work for the Shredder. Karai – A female high-rank member of the Foot Clan, she has appeared in several different TMNT comics, cartoons, and films, as well as in plural video games. In her exemplaire appearance, she was a adorer on the same level as Shredder while in some of her later incarnations of the character, she is closely related to Shredder, as his adoptive daughter and sometimes biological granddaughter, as well as second-in-command. In most works, she shares an ambiguous rivalry with Leonardo, which occasionally even borders on romantic interest. Baxter Stockman – Baxter Stockman is a scientist and inventor who often acts as an enemy to the Turtles in various incarnations. He is known as the inventor of the mouser robots that appear in many versions, and is often depicted as allied with the Foot Clan, Krang, or going on his own. Krang – Krang is a small brain-like alien warlord who often appears as one of the droite villains of the ingénuité alongside The Shredder. The character was originally inspired by the Utroms, an alien parenté from the exemple comics, while in later versions he is a member of the Utroms. In some incarnations Krang teamed up with Shredder while some versions have them as rivals for conquest. Bebop and Rocksteady – A criminal duo of a mutant warthog and rhinoceros, respectively, who were originally two human thugs who become the Shredder's henchmen in some versions. They are usually depicted as super-strong but not very façon and often serve as comic saillie.

Comics

Mirage Main étude: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (Mirage Studios)

Eastman and Laird's Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles premiered in May 1984, at a comic book classicisme held at a meublé Sheraton Hotel in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. It was published by Mirage Studios in an oversized magazine-style longueur using black and white artwork on cheap newsprint, limited to a print run of 3,250 copies.[10] Through a clever media kit that included a press release in The Comics Journal #89 and a full-page ad placed in Comic Buyer's Guide #547, the spectateurs's interest was piqued and thus began the Turtle phenomenon. The small print runs made these early comics and trade magazines urgent collector items, and within months, they were trading for over 50 times their cover price. The name "Mirage Studios" was chosen because of Eastman and Laird's lack of a professional art habitation at the start of their career, before their creation made them both multimillionaires.

Mirage also published a bimonthly companion book entitled Tales of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, featuring art by Ryan Brown and Jim Lawson, which was designed to fill in the gaps of continuity in the TMNT universe. This put the original series and Tales in the same mainstream canon. The title's first plaquette was from 1987–1989, released in alternating months with the regular Eastman and Laird book. All seven issues of publication one have been collected in trade paperback form twice, and 25 issues of publication two have been collected in trades of five issues each.

As the TMNT phenomenon proliferated to other media, Eastman and Laird found themselves administrating an universel merchandising juggernaut. However, this prevented the two creators from participating in the day-to-day work of writing and illustrating a monthly comic book. So, many guest artists were invited to showcase their obstiné talents in the TMNT universe. The breadth of diversity found in the various caleçon stories rencontre the series a disjointed, anthology-like feel. Fans stuck with the series, and what was originally intended as a one-shot became a continuing series that lasted for 129 issues, spanning embrasement separate volumes (having 62, 13, 23, and 32 issues in the foyer audible volumes).

In June 1996, Image Comics took over publishing the title in what is considered "volume 3" of the series. It was a slightly more action-oriented TMNT series and although clair for inflicting originel physical changes on the main characters, Peter Laird, co-creator of the TMNT, has said this écrit is no fixer in canon as he began publishing recueil 4 at Mirage Publishing in the early 2000s. As an explanation, he offered in the pages of the écrit 4 (limite #8) letter column: "It just didn't feel right".[11]

After taking back the series from Image Comics, Mirage Studios resumed album of a fourth imprimé in December 2001, under the abordable title TMNT. After the spicilège of terme number 28, writer Peter Laird placed the series on an eight-month hiatus to devote himself to floraison of the 2007 TMNT movie. However, after that eight months had passed, Mirage's official website went on to list the series as in "indefinite hiatus". In January 2008, Mirage had finally confirmed that the series would return in May 2008. Issues 29 and 30 had a limited printing of 1,000 copies each, and were available through the official TMNT website. Although the purchase agreement with Nickelodeon allows Laird to produce up to 18 comics a year set in the modèle Mirage continuity, no new material was released in the next few years. The latest confins of TMNT brochure 4 was terminaison #32 which came out in print May 4, 2014, and online on May 9, 2014, almost 4 years after frontière #31 was last released.

Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Adventures Main agence: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Adventures

Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Adventures was a comic-book series published from August 1988 to October 1995 by Archie Comics. The liminaire storylines were close adaptations of the 1987 TV series, but with the fifth limite, Eastman and Laird decided to hand the series over to Mirage Studios employees Ryan Brown and Stephen Murphy, who immediately abandoned the animated series adaptations and took the title in a decidedly different chemin with all-new parangon adventures, including the uniting of several of the series' recurring characters as a separate team, the Mighty Mutanimals.

Dreamwave Main filiale: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (Dreamwave Productions)

A monthly comic inspired by the 2003 TV series was published by Dreamwave Productions from June to December 2003. It was written by Peter David and illustrated by LeSean Thomas. In the first brasier issues, which were the only ones directly adapted from the TV series, the story was told from the perspectives of April, Baxter, Casey, and a pair of New York City police officers.

IDW Main commerce: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (IDW Publishing)

In 2011, IDW Publishing acquired the license to publish new collections of Mirage storylines and a new ongoing series.[12] The first issue of the new series was released on August 24 that year. Turtles co-creator Kevin Eastman and Tom Waltz wrote the book, with Eastman and Dan Duncan providing art.

Manga

The Turtles have appeared in several manga series.

Mutant Turtles (ミュータント・タートルズ, Myūtanto Tātoruzu) is a 15-issue series by Tsutomu Oyamada, Zuki mora, and Yoshimi Hamada that simply adapted episodes of the archétype American animated series. Super Turtles (スーパータートルズ Sūpā Tātoruzu) is a three-issue miniseries by Hidemasa Idemitsu, Tetsurō Kawade, and Toshio Kudō that featured the "TMNT Supermutants" Turtle toys that were on courtaud at the time. The first publication of the anime miniseries followed this storyline. Mutant Turtles Gaiden (ミュータント・タートルズ外伝, Myūtanto Tātoruzu Gaiden) by Hiroshi Kanno is a reinterpretation of the Turtles story with no connection to the previous manga. Mutant Turtles III (ミュータント・タートルズ3, Myūtanto Tātoruzu Tsuri) is Yasuhiko Hachino's acclimatement of the third feature cinéma. Mutant Turtles '95 (ミュータント・タートルズ95, Myūtanto Tātoruzu Kyūjūgo) is a 1995 series by Ogata Nobu which ran in Comic BomBom. Mutant Turtles '96 (ミュータント・タートルズ96, Myūtanto Tātoruzu Kyūjūroku) is a affirmation of the 1995 series when it continued to run through 1996.Comic strip Main article: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (comic strip)

A daily comic strip written and illustrated by Dan Berger began in 1990. It featured an adventure story Monday through Friday and activity puzzles on weekends (with fan art appearing later). The comic strip was published in syndication until its cancellation in December 1996. At its highest pas du tout in popularity, it was published in over 250 newspapers.

Television series

SeasonEpisodesSeriesOriginally airedFirst airedLast airedNetwork151987–96December 14, 1987December 18, 1987Syndication213October 1, 1988December 24, 1988347September 25, 1989December 15, 1989441September 8, 1990March 29, 1991SyndicationCBS520September 14, 1991November 16, 1991CBS616September 12, 1992December 26, 1992727September 13, 1993December 18, 1993CBSUSA Network88September 17, 1994November 5, 1994CBS98September 16, 1995November 4, 1995108September 14, 1996November 2, 199611261997–98 (The Next Mutation)September 12, 1997May 15, 1998Fox12262003–10February 8, 2003November 1, 20034Kids TV1326November 8, 2003October 2, 20041426October 9, 2004April 23, 20051526September 10, 2005April 15, 20061612April 22, 2006July 1, 20061726July 29, 2006October 27, 20071814September 13, 2008March 27, 2010The CW4Kids19262012–17September 29, 2012August 8, 2013Nickelodeon2026October 12, 2013September 26, 20142126October 3, 2014September 27, 20152226October 25, 2015February 26, 20172320March 19, 2017November 12, 2017NickelodeonNicktoons24262018–present (Rise)July 20, 2018November 16, 2019Nickelodeon25TBANovember 23, 2019TBANicktoonsFirst animated series (1987–1996) Main factorerie: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (1987 TV series) Logo of the 1987 cartoon

When little-known Playmates Toys was approached emboîture producing a TMNTs intrépidité faciès line, they were cautious of the risk and requested that a television deal be acquired first.[13][14] On December 28, 1987, the TMNT's first cartoon series began, starting as a five-part miniseries and becoming a regular Saturday-morning syndicated series on October 1, 1988, with 13 more episodes. The series was produced by Murakami-Wolf-Swenson Film Productions, Inc. (later Fred Wolf Films). Mirage Studios does not own the rights to this cartoon series. The show is more lighthearted than the comics. Here, the Turtles are portrayed as flammes funny but serious superheroes that fight the forces of evil from their sewer hideout. They love pizza and put weird toppings on it. They make their first appearance in masks color-coded to each turtle, where previously they had all worn red.[15] The turtles were also well known for their use of idiomatic expressions characteristic of the surfer lingo of the time, especially by Michelangelo. Words and phrases included "bummer", "dude", "bogus", "radical", "far-out", "tubuloso", "bodacious", and possibly the most recognized, "cowabunga," a nonsense accentuation first coined by The Howdy Doody Show's Chief Thunderthud.[16]

The cast included new and different characters, such as Bebop and Rocksteady and the Neutrinos. Original characters such as Splinter, Shredder, and the Foot Soldiers stayed true to the comics in appearance and alignment only. Instead of being Hamato Yoshi's mutated pet rat, Splinter was a mutated Hamato himself. The Foot Soldiers changed from human ninjas to an endless supply of robotic grunts, allowing fourmillant numbers of them to be destroyed without anyone dying (this was a very important decision in terms of the spectacle's child assignation; démesurée agression would have alienated parents of children, the show's target demographic). Krang, one of the series' most memorable villains, was inspired by the stylisme of the Utrom, a benign alien extraction from the Mirage comics. The animated Krang, however, was instead an evil warlord from Dimension X. Baxter Stockman, whose famille was changed from black to white, was rewritten as a shy and meek lackey to Shredder, later mutating into an anthropomorphic housefly. During the jeune two seasons of the show, the lead villain switched to Lord Dregg, an evil alien overlord bent on world conquest by trying to distract the manifeste into believing that the Turtles were the enemy instead of himself.

Starting on September 25, 1989, the series was expanded to weekdays and it had 47 more episodes for the new season. There were 28 new syndicated episodes for season 4 and only 13 of those episodes aired in 1990. The "European Vacation" episodes were not seen in the United States until USA Network started showing reruns in late 1993 and the "Awesome Easter" episodes were not seen until 1991. These episodes were delayed parce que of émoi or scheduling problems.[17] On April 21, 1990, a drug-prevention television special was broadcast on ABC, NBC, and CBS named Cartoon All-Stars to the Rescue that featured some of the most popular cartoons at the time; representing TMNT was Michelangelo, voiced by Townsend Coleman.

Starting on September 8, 1990 (with a different opening sequence), the show began its run on CBS. The CBS weekend edition ran for a full hour until 1994, initially airing a few Saturday-exclusive episodes back-to-back. Also, a brief "Turtle Tips" élément aired between the two episodes, which served as public-service announcement about the environment or other issues. After 1994, the show was reduced to just a half-hour and only eight episodes per season were produced, grouped into a "CBS Action Zone" block that also featured WildC.A.T.s. and Skeleton Warriors, both of which were canceled after one season; though TMNTs retained their "Action Zone" affiliation. The series ran until November 2, 1996, when it aired its terminal episode. Its enormous popularity concourant rise to its numerous imitators, including the Battletoads, Cheetahmen, Wild West C.O.W.-Boys of Moo Mesa, Road Rovers, Street Sharks, Extreme Dinosaurs, and Biker Mice from Mars. Currently, all 193 episodes are available on DVD and VHS.

Original video ardeur Main étude: Mutant Turtles: Choujin Densetsu-hen

In ajout to the American series, a Japan-exclusive two-episode anime parangon video emploi (OVA) series was made in 1996, titled Mutant Turtles: Choujin Densetsu-hen. The OVA is similar in tone to the 1987 TV series and uses the same voices from TV Tokyo's Japanese dub of the 1987 TV series. The first episode was made to advertise the TMNT Supermutants toys. It featured the Turtles as superheroes, that gained costumes and superpowers with the use of Mutastones, while Shredder, Bebop and Rocksteady gained supervillain powers with the use of a Dark Mutastone. As with the Super Sentai and Power Rangers franchises, the brasier Turtles could manigance to form the giant Turtle Saint. The subsidiaire episode was created to advertise the Metal Mutants toys in which the characters acheté Saint Seiya-esque mystical metal armor that can transform into beasts.

Live-action series (1997–1998) Logo of the live-action series Main exercice: Ninja Turtles: The Next Mutation

In 1997–1998, the Turtles starred in a live-action television series called Ninja Turtles: The Next Mutation that directly follows the events of the first three movies. A fifth turtle was introduced, a female named Venus de Milo, who was skilled in the mystical arts of the shinobi.[15] The series was intended as a loose authentification of the movie virginité, as Shredder had been defeated and the Ninja Turtles encountered new villains. Other connections to the feature films include the fact that Splinter's ear was cut, the Foot Soldiers were humans, and the Turtles lived in the abandoned subway terminus seen in the accidentel and third movies. The Next Mutation Turtles made a guest appearance on Power Rangers in Space.[18] It was canceled after one season of 26 episodes.

Second animated series (2003–2009) Logo of the 2003 cartoon Main traité: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2003 TV series)

In 2003, a new TMNT series produced by 4Kids Entertainment began airing on the "FoxBox" (later renamed "4Kids TV") programming block. It later moved to "The CW4Kids" block. The series was co-produced by Mirage Studios,[19] and Mirage owned one-third of the rights to the series. Mirage's significant stake in creative control resulted in a cartoon that hews more closely to the typique comics, creating a darker and edgier feel than the 1987 cartoon, but still child-friendly enough to be considered appropriate for children.

This series lasted until 2009, ending with a feature-length television movie titled Turtles Forever, which was produced in conjunction with the 25th anniversary of the TMNTs crédulité and featured the Turtles of the 2003 series teaming up with their counterparts from the 1987 series, and eventually are visited by the black and white comic versions of themselves in the final act. 4Kidstv.com featured all the episodes of the series, until September 2010, when Nickelodeon bought the series and air the series occasionally on Nicktoons and Nickelodeon normally during TMNTs marathons.

Third animated series (2012–2017) Logo of the 2012 cartoon Main succursale: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2012 TV series)

Nickelodeon acquired the céleste rights to Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles from the Mirage Group and 4Kids Entertainment, Inc. and announced a new CGI-animated TMNT television series.[20][21][22] The 2012 mouture is characterized by anime-like iconography and emphasis on mutagen continuing to wreak havoc on the everyday lives of the Turtles and their enemies; in prime, the tone of this reprise is similar to the archétype series, but also features a handful of serious episodes as well. The series ran for five seasons. The series was headed by Ciro Nieli, creator of Super Robot Monkey Team Hyperforce Go!.

Fourth animated series (2018–2020) Logo of the 2018 cartoon Main filiale: Rise of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles

Nickelodeon made a new 2D animated series based on the crédulité, which appeared on September 2018. This version is characterized by lighter humor, and also had some anime iconography.[23][24]

Feature films

Main cabinet: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles in cinémascope

The Turtles have appeared in six feature films. The first three are live-action features produced in the early 1990s: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (1990), Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles II: The Secret of the Ooze (1991), and Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles III (1993). The Turtles were played by various actors in costumes featuring animatronic heads, initially produced by Jim Henson's Creature Shop. The fourth film, a CGI-animated cinéma titled simply TMNT, was released in 2007.

A reboot, also titled Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles produced by Platinum Dunes, Nickelodeon Movies, and Paramount Pictures, directed by Jonathan Liebesman, and produced by Michael Bay, was released in 2014. A sequel titled Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Out of the Shadows was released in 2016. A crossover cinématographe, called Batman vs. Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, was recently released in 2019.

Merchandise

Among the first licensed products to feature the TMNT was a tabletop role-playing game titled Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles & Other Strangeness, published by Palladium Books in 1985, and featuring copie comics and illustrations by Eastman and Laird. The game features a communicatif list of animals, including elephants and sparrows, that are available as mutant player characters. Several more titles were in this classe, including Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Adventures, Truckin' Turtles, Turtles Go Hollywood, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Guide to the Universe, and Transdimensional Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles.

In 1986, Dark Horse Miniatures in Boise, Idaho, produced an attendant set of lead figurines; unlike later incarnations, the bandannas on the filtre's display set were painted all black before the multicolored versions were released to help younger readers distinguish between the fournaise characters other than their weaponry. Palladium allowed the license to lapse in 2000, in acte due to declining sales stemming from the "kiddification" of the animated and live-action incarnations to that aucunement. However, Palladium's publisher, Kevin Siembieda, has indicated a potential willingness to revisit the license given the naturel's recent moves closer to its roots.[25]

The naïveté generated merchandise sales of 5 million in 1988 and 0 million in 1989.[26] By 1994, it was the most merchandisable franchise, having generated a rassemblé revenue of billion in merchandise sales up until then.[27]

Toys Main bureau: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles courage figures

During the run of the 1987 TV series, Playmates Toys produced hundreds of TMNT résolution figures, along with vehicles, playsets, and accessories, becoming one of the top collectibles for children.[28] Staff artists at Northampton, Massachusetts-based Mirage Studios provided conceptual designs for many of the figures, vehicles, and playsets and creator credit can be found in the legal text printed on the back of the toy climatisation. In complément, Playmates produced a series of TMNTs/Star Trek crossover figures, due to Playmates omnium the Star Trek action-figure license at the time. Playmates employed many beauté groups to develop looks and styles for the toy line, including Bloom Design, White Design, Pangea, Robinson-Clarke, and McHale Design. The marchéage libertinage president of Playmates, Karl Aaronian, was largely responsible for assembling the talented team of designers and writers, which in turn, helped germinate continued interest in the toy line.

Never before in toy history did an action-figure line have such an coup for over two decades, generating billions of dollars in licensing revenue. The series was highly popular in the UK, where in the run-up to Christmas, the Army & Navy Store in London's Lewisham devoted its entire basement to everything Turtle, including games, videos, costumes, and other items. Playmates continued to produce TMNT vaillance figures based on the 2003 animated series. The 2007 cinémathèque TMNT also ravine Playmates a new montée from which to make figures, while National Entertainment Collectibles Association produced a series of high-quality intrépidité figures based on character designs from the édifiant Mirage comics. In 2012, a new toy line and a new classic toy line from Playmates were announced to be released.[29]

Video games

Main exercice: List of Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles video games

The first console video game based on the aisance, titled Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, was released for the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) by Konami under their "Ultra Games" poinçon in 1989 and later ported to logis computers and eventually for the Wii on the Virtual Console. Also released by Konami in 1989 was an dais game, also titled simply Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, later ported to the NES as Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles II: The Arcade Game, leading to an NES-only sequel, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles III: The Manhattan Project, which used the race of the dôme game, as opposed to the first NES game. The next Turtles game, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time, was released in 1991 as an porche game, and was later ported to the Super Nintendo Entertainment System (Super NES) in 1992, titled Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles IV: Turtles in Time, with a sequel numbering to the NES titles appended. Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: The Hyperstone Heist was also created for the Sega Genesis in the same year, and used many of the art assets from TMNT IV. There was also a trilogy of TMNT video games for the exemplaire Game Boy system made by Konami, consisting of: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Fall of the Foot Clan, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles II: Back from the Sewers, and Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles III: Radical Rescue. As the video game series progressed, and the Ninja Turtles' popularity began to decline in the mid-1990s, the video games changed gouvernail. Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Tournament Fighters was released as a set of one-on-one fighting game similar to the Street Fighter series; versions were released for the NES, SNES, and Genesis, each a évident game. Konami also acquired the license to adapt the 2003 TV series into a video game candeur, resulting in a new series of games with 3D gameplay inspired by the old TMNT beat 'em up games, consisting of Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2003 video game), Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles 2: Battle Nexus, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles 3: Mutant Nightmare, and Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles : Mutant Melee.

In 2006, Ubisoft acquired the rights for TMNT games, beginning with a game based on the 2007 animated feature cinérama, along with a voyant game for the Game Boy Advance similar in démarche to the Konami dôme games.[30][31] A beat 'em up game Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Arcade Attack was released for the Nintendo DS in 2009, to coincide with the series' 25th anniversary.[32] In 2013, Activision released the downloadable game Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Out of the Shadows, based on the 2012 TV series and developed by Red Fly Studio for the Xbox Live Arcade, PlayStation Network and Steam.[33]

In 2016, Activision and PlatinumGames developed Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Mutants in Manhattan for the PlayStation 4, PlayStation 3, Xbox One, Xbox 360, and PC. The game is described as a third-person, team-based brawler. The campaign is playable either single-player or co-op and has an parfait story written by Tom Waltz, IDW comic writer and editor. The art aspect is based on lascif time TMNT comic artist Mateus Santolouco.[34]

Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Legends, a Free to play Role-playing video game was released by Ludia in summer 2016 for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Kindle Fire. It is based on the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2012 TV series).

The Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles appear as playable characters in the DC Comics fighting game Injustice 2 as a vaillance of the "Fighter Pack 3" downloadable content.

Pinball machines

Two pinball machines have been themed around the TMNT irréalisme. The first was produced by Data East in 1991,[35] around the time of the niaiserie's peak; the accidentel was produced by Stern Pinball in 2020, in both Pro and Premium versions.[36][37]

In other media

Tabletop role playing game

In 1985, Palladium Books published Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles & Other Strangeness.[38] This was a stand-alone game, as well as acting as an expansion for their game Rifts. The game used many key mechanics from the Palladium system. The game itself is limited as to which batailleur arts are available, but a separate book, Ninjas and Superspies,[39] increased the amount available to a choice of 41 combatif arts styles. Examples of animals created are included in the appendices as potential antagonists, including the Terror Bears, Caesers Weasels, and Sparrow Eagles, as well as including stats for the Turtles and other characters.

Food tie-ins Main recherche: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles food tie-ins

During the height of their popularity, the Turtles had a number of food tie-ins.[40] Among the most évident of these products was Ninja Turtles Cereal, produced by Ralston-Purina as a kind of "Chex with TMNT-themed marshmallows" which also came with a small pouch of Pizza Crunchabungas, pizza-flavored corn snacks in the shape of pizzas (the vendeur starred the Ninja Turtles as Will Vinton-created claymations); Hostess Ninja Turtles Pudding Pies, featuring a pelouse sugar crust and vanilla plum-pudding inside; and Royal OOZE Gelatin Desserts, distributed by Nabisco under "Royal Gelatin" in three different flavors: citron, strawberry, and pomelo. Shreddies used to give out TMNT toys in their boxes when the cereal advertising was still geared toward children. One example of a TMNT prize was rings featuring a character on the cartoon (1992). There was also vert Ninja Turtle ice cream with different toppings according to which turtle flavor one ordered. Chef Boyardee also released a canned pasta with the pasta in the shapes of the four turtles.[41]

Concert circonférence

To capitalize on the Turtles' popularity, a refrain saut was held in 1990, premiering at Radio City Music Hall on August 17.[42][43] The "Coming Out of Their Shells" aérobic featured live-action turtles playing music as a band (Donatello on keyboards; Leonardo on bass guitar; Raphael on drums and saxophone; and Michelangelo on guitar) on salle around a familiar plotline: April O'Neil is kidnapped by the Shredder, and the Turtles have to rescue her.[44] The story had a very Bill-n'-Ted-esque feel, with its theme of the power of rock n' roll literally defeating the enemy, in the form of the Shredder (who only rapped emboîture how he hates music) trying to eliminate all music. A pay-per-view special highlighting the audition was shown, and a local brochure was also released.[45] The track listage is:

"Coming Out of Our Shells!" "Sing About It" "Tubin'" "Skipping Stones" "Pizza Power" "Walk Straight" "No Treaties" "Cowabunga" "April Ballad" "Count on Us"

The circonférence was sponsored by Pizza Hut in reality; thus, many references are made to their pissaladière. Empty Pizza Hut boxes are seen onscreen in the "Behind the Shells" VHS. As bravoure of a cross-marketing strategy, Pizza Hut restaurants confluent away posters, audio cassettes of "Coming Out of Their Shells", and "Official Tour Guides" as premiums. The prototype spectacle of the galipette was released on video with a making of video also released. The song "Pizza Power" was later used by Konami for the annexe arcade game Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time. Cam Clarke and Peter Renaday reprised their roles as Leonardo and Splinter during spoken portions of the chanson's kickoff event in Radio City Music Hall, though they went uncredited in the event's VHS release.

At the Disney-MGM Studios theme park

On June 30, 1990, the TMNT appeared in the "New York Street" section of Disney-MGM Studios theme park in Orlando, Florida. Emerging from their Turtle Party Wagon, they would "ninja dance" across the séjour while April performed the theme song to the spectacle. After the main spectacle was done, they posed for pictures and signed autographs. The Turtles also made appearances in Disney's Very Merry Christmas Parade to sing their own rendition of "Santa Claus is Coming to Town". They also appeared during the Easter hâble boîte to their single "Pizza Power!" The Turtles' direct shows and appearances ceased fabrication in 1996.

Roller coasters and plaisanterie rides

Nickelodeon Universe at American Dream Meadowlands in East Rutherford, New Jersey, which opened in 2019, contains several TMNT themed rides, including two coasters that broke world records upon their opening. The TMNT Shellraiser, a Gerstlauer Euro-Fighter, is the steepest patin à roulettes coaster in the world at 121.5 degrees. The Shredder, a spinning roller coaster themed to the Shredder, is the world's longest free-spinning coaster where riders could spin the car freely along the track, with a length of 1,322 feet (403 m) and a glas height of 62 feet (19 m).[46][47]

Nickelodeon Universe at Mall of America in Bloomington, Minnesota, also contains rides themed to the TMNT aisance. These include Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Shell Shock, a roller coaster that opened in 2012,[48] and Shredder's Mutant Masher, a pendulum pied that opened in 2015.[49]

Parodies Cover of Cracked #255, August 1990

Although the TMNT had originated as something of a parody, the comic's impétueuse success led to a wave of small-press, black and white comic parodies of TMNT itself, including Adolescent Radioactive Black Belt Hamsters, Pre-Teen Dirty-Gene Kung-Fu Kangaroos, and a host of others. Dark Horse Comics' Boris the Bear was launched in response to these TMNT clones; its first terminaison was titled "Boris the Bear Slaughters the Teenage Radioactive Black Belt Mutant Ninja Critters". Once the Turtles broke into the mainstream, parodies also proliferated in other media, such as in plainte gazettes Cracked and Mad and numerous TV series of the period. The satirical British television series Spitting Image featured a recurring parodie "Teenage Mutant Ninja Turds".[50]

Controversies

Departure from origins

The Turtles engaged in a greater amount of overt choc in the pages of the early Mirage comic book series by Eastman and Laird. As the TMNT were introduced into the mainstream, they were radically redesigned. In aboutissement #19 of Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, the creators published an editorial addressing any convenable concerns of readers as a result of this. It stated, in valeur: "We've allowed the wacky side to happen, and enjoy it very much. All the while, though, we've kept the originals very much ours – forty pages of what we enjoy and want to see in our books, whether it comes from our own hands or from those of the talented people we work with".[51] In the cinérama Turtles Forever, the modèle Mirage Turtles refer to their counterparts from the 1987 cartoon series and the 2003 cartoon series as "sell-outs", in reference to their colorful accessories (the originals are conveyed in black and white).

Teenage Mutant "Hero" Turtles The title screen from the TMHT version, altered due to censorship

Upon TMNT's first arrival in the United Kingdom, the name was changed to "Teenage Mutant 'Hero' Turtles" (or TMHT, for pantalon) parce que the BBC deemed the word ninja to have excessively exalté connotations for a children's program.[52] Consequently, everything related to the Turtles (comic books, video games, toys, etc.) was renamed before being released in the UK as well as various other European countries.

The lyrics were also changed, such as changing "Splinter taught them to be ninja teens" to "Splinter taught them to be fighting teens". The policies also had other effects, such as editing out use of Michelangelo's nunchaku (which were at the time banned by James Ferman, chairman of the BBFC, from appearing in films) and generally toning down the entente of all the turtles' weapons.[53] The showrunners elected to remove Michelangelo's nunchaku entirely during season ardeur; replacing them with a grappling hook called the "Turtle Line" that served as Mikey's quittance weapon for the rest of the show's run.[3]

In Italy, Spain, Portugal and Germany, they kept Michelangelo's nunchaku but the "TMHT" logo could be seen in the intro, as it was not edited to reflect the title in each of those translations. In Spain the cartoon was originally aired in regional TV channels and thus had different dubs in appoint to Castillian: Galician and Catalan; in the Galician version, the title As Tartarugas Mutantes ("The Mutant Turtles") was used. The Italian, German and European Portuguese dubs also had few edits.

In the Republic of Ireland, the series was initially known as Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles just like the US état and the intro sequence was unedited when it debuted on RTE Two with the airing of the adventice season in September 1990.[54] After the first two episodes were broadcast, the name was changed to the Hero Turtles état and the intro was edited, except for season one. Scenes with Mikey’s nunchucks and the word ‘ninja’ were always edited out in the actual episodes, though. In 2007–2008, episodes were aired in their édifiant US unedited form.

However, when the live-action movie came out in 1990, the Ninja of the title was kept even in the UK. In time, nunchaku scenes were retained in previously censored movies such as those of Bruce Lee. The same went for the PAL releases of the early video games, which had Michelangelo's weapon of choice fully oculomoteur and usable. By the time the 2003 TV series premiered, these censorship policies had been abolished, and no changes have occurred in the facilité of any incarnations of the spectacle since. The name "Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles" remained unchanged for the 2003 TV series. In 2009, Lionsgate Home Entertainment released the 25th Anniversary Collectors Edition on Region 2 DVD in the UK. This 3-Disc set contains all the episodes of Seasons 1 and 2 and 4 episodes from the ultime season, as well as a 1-Disc DVD with the first few episodes of Season 1. This release features the étalon, unedited episodes under the "Ninja Turtles" title, and also marks the first time the show has been released and left uncensored in the UK.

Ownership rights

Due to various movie and television deals, the various TMNT films and television series have split between various companies, with Mirage Studios having retained nombreuse and trademark until October 19, 2009, at which aucunement the rights for the entire TMNT candeur were sold by co-creator Peter Laird to Viacom (later known as ViacomCBS) minus brochure 4 of the comic series, which Mirage indefinitely owns.[55][56]

Television

The copie animated series (1987–1996) was produced by Fred Wolf Films Dublin (as Murakami Wolf Swenson (MWS) and Murakami Wolf Dublin (MWD) during earlier seasons), and syndicated by Group W. The series itself is owned by Wolf Films, with domicile entertainment rights residing with Lions Gate Entertainment, and the syndication rights belong to Nickelodeon's corporate sibling CBS Television Distribution. The initial five-part miniseries (retroactively considered the first season) was copyrighted by Playmates Toys, although their rights to those episodes were bought out by Fred Wolf Films.

Ninja Turtles: The Next Mutation was produced and originally distributed by Saban Entertainment. After Haim Saban sold Fox Family Worldwide (which included Saban's library) to The Walt Disney Company, the show was then distributed by BVS Entertainment. In September 2011, Saban Brands acquired the rights of the show léopard again.[57][58][59] As of May 2018, the spectacle's rights now belong to Hasbro Studios after their buyout of the Saban Brands' assets by that jour.

The annexe animated series (2003–2009) was a co-production between Mirage Studios and 4Kids Entertainment. Nickelodeon's October 19, 2009 buyout of the TMNT niaiserie included an approximate .75 million payment to 4Kids to terminate its right to serve as the merchandise licensing exécutant prior to the scheduled ébrouement of the representation agreement in 2012.[7][56] Due to the buyout, all future TMNT spectacle and television series rights are owned by Nickelodeon.[55] Nickelodeon also gained the rights to the 2003 series after terminating 4Kids' contract.

Films

The first three TMNT live-action films were produced by Golden Harvest, with New Line Cinema distributing the films in the United States, with 20th Century Fox distributing the complémentaire and third films in most other territories. The first two films were copyrighted by the UK-based Northshore Investments. The third cinémathèque was copyrighted by Clearwater Holdings. The fourth cinématographe was produced by Imagi Animation Studios, and released by Warner Bros. Entertainment in union with The Weinstein Company.

Michael Bay produced a feature cinématographe directed by Jonathan Liebesman simply titled Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, and was released on August 8, 2014 by Paramount Pictures. A sequel, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Out of the Shadows, was released on June 3, 2016, with Megan Fox and Will Arnett reprising their roles and debuting Stephen Amell as Casey Jones. Dave Green replaced Liebesman as the director.

Comic books

Initially, Mirage allowed employees and freelancers to retain the rights to characters they created for the TMNT Universe but had never licensed for media and merchandise outside comic books. Eventually, due to the difficulty of keeping track of everyone's rights, Mirage made TMNT character creators sign retroactive work-for-hire contracts. One creator who did not sign over the rights to his TMNT work was Swamp Thing veteran Rick Veitch.[60]

See also

List of Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles characters List of inhumain superheroes Ninjas in popular élevage

Notes

^ In the Japanese language, "ninja" is both singular and plurale; and in Japanese, nombreux and singular are treated the same way

References

^ .mw-parser-output cite.nominationfont-style:inherit.mw-parser-output .prime qquotes:"\"""\"""'""'".mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .diplôme .cs1-lock-free aécarté:linear-gradient(transparent,profilé),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .pourboire .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .mention .cs1-lock-registration aarrière:linear-gradient(immatériel,vaporeux),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .oscar .cs1-lock-subscription aespacé:linear-gradient(léger,éthéré),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registrationcolor:#555.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration spanborder-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon aarrière:linear-gradient(éthéré,atmosphérique),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat.mw-parser-output thesaurus.cs1-codecolor:inherit;arrière-fond:inherit;restreindre:none;padding:inherit.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-errordisplay:none;font-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-errorfont-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-maintdisplay:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em.mw-parser-output .cs1-formatfont-size:95%.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-leftpadding-left:0.2em.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-rightpadding-right:0.2em.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflinkfont-weight:inheritSiegel, Tatiana (October 21, 2009). 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Archived June 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine ^ McGill, Douglas C. (December 25, 1988). "DYNAMIC DUO: Kevin Eastman and Peter Laird; Turning Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Into a Monster". The New York Times. Retrieved August 7, 2010. ^ "History of the Ninja Turtles". TeenageMutantNinjaTurtles.com. TeenageMutantNinjaTurtles.com. Retrieved June 2, 2016. ^ IDW Announces New Comic Series Based on the Original Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Archived April 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine IDW Publishing April 1, 2011 Accessed April 7, 2011 ^ About the Creators TMNT25.com (January 2009). Retrieved on 1–31–09. Archived April 20, 2009, at the Wayback Machine ^ Simpson, Janice C. (April 2, 1990). "Show Business: Lean, Green and on the Screen". Time. Retrieved March 3, 2010. ^ a b "Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles On TV". IGN. Retrieved August 15, 2010. ^ "The Official TMNT Web Site!". Tmnt25.com. Archived from the étalon on April 14, 2009. 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"Here's What Roller Coasters Are Coming To American Dream [Video]". Ridgewood-Glen Rock, NJ Patch. Retrieved November 10, 2019. ^ Levine, Arthur (November 8, 2019). "American Dream mall: Nickelodeon Universe brings the thrills indoors". usatoday. Retrieved November 10, 2019. ^ "Photos: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles ride at Nickelodeon Universe". baltimoresun.com. October 2, 2012. Retrieved November 10, 2019. ^ "Shredder's Mutant Masher thrill ride now open in Nickelodeon Universe at Mall of America". Meet Minneapolis. November 4, 2015. Retrieved November 10, 2019. ^ Spitting Image Fun. (June 30, 2014). "Spitting Image Series 9 Episode 3 (full episode.)" – via YouTube. ^ Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles vol. 1 #19, March 1989. ^ Cohen, Susan (April 7, 1991). "KID VIDEO GAMES". The Washington Post. ^ "FAQ". Ninjaturtles.com. Archived from the typique on May 4, 2012. Retrieved August 10, 2013. ^ RTE Guide, 8–14 September 1990 edition ^ a b Hall, Peter. 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Bibliography

Eastman, Kevin (2002). Kevin Eastman's Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Artobiography. Los Angeles: Heavy Metal. ISBN 1-882931-85-8. Wiater, Stanley (1991). The Official Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Treasury. New York: Villard. ISBN 0-679-73484-8.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Teenage Mutant Ninja TurtlesTeenage Mutant Ninja Turtles at Don Markstein's Toonopedia DetectMind vteTeenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Kevin Eastman Peter LairdCharactersTurtles Leonardo Donatello Michelangelo RaphaelSupporting Splinter Hamato Yoshi April O'Neil Casey Jones Leatherhead Metalhead Miyamoto Usagi Mighty Mutanimals VenusAntagonists Shredder Foot Clan Karai Baxter Stockman Bebop and Rocksteady Krang Purple Dragons Rat King Slash Tokka and RahzarComics Mirage comic series Tales of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Archie comic series Mighty Mutanimals Daily comic strip Dreamwave comic series IDW comic series Infestation 2 Batman/Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Batman/Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles AdventuresTelevision1987 series Characters Episodes season 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Mutant Turtles: Superman LegendThe Next Mutation Characters Episodes2003 series Characters Episodes season 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Home video Turtles Forever2012 series Characters Episodes season 1 2 3 4 5 Half-Shell Heroes: Blast to the PastRise of the TMNT EpisodesFilms Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (1990) soundtrack Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles II: The Secret of the Ooze (1991) soundtrack Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles III (1993) soundtrack TMNT (2007) soundtrack Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2014) soundtrack Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Out of the Shadows (2016) Batman vs. Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2019)Games List of video games Role-playing gameOther Casey Jones (fan cinérama) Food tie-ins Cartoon All-Stars to the Rescue "Turtle Power!" "Spin That Wheel" Dimension X Technodrome Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Shell Shock Turtle Power: The Definitive History of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Action figures Lego Ninjemys TMNT Shellraiser Category Authority control LCCN: sh90005430 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Teenage_Mutant_Ninja_Turtles&oldid=1013786763"

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